Resonant terahertz transmission in plasmonic arrays of subwavelength holes
School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, 74078 Oklahoma, USA
Corresponding author: email@example.com
Accepted: 17 June 2008
Published online: 4 July 2008
A review of transmission properties of two-dimensional plasmonic structures in the terahertz regime is presented. Resonant terahertz transmission was demonstrated in arrays of subwavelength holes patterned on both metals and semiconductors. The effects of hole shape, hole dimensions, dielectric function of metals, array film thickness, and a dielectric overlayer were investigated by the state-of-the-art terahertz spectroscopy modalities. Extraordinary terahertz transmission was demonstrated in arrays of subwavelength holes made even from Pb, a generally poor metal, and having optically thin thicknesses less than one-third of a skin depth. We also observed a direct transition of a surface plasmon resonance from a photonic crystal minimum in a photo-doped semiconductor array. According to the Fano model, transmission properties of such plasmonic arrays are characterized by two essential contributions: resonant excitation of surface plasmons and nonresonant direct transmission. Plasmonic structures will find fascinating applications in terahertz imaging, biomedical sensing, subwavelength terahertz spectroscopy, and integrated terahertz devices.
PACS: 73.20.Mf – Collective excitations (including excitons, polarons, plasmons and other charge-density excitations) / 78.47.+p – Time-resolved optical spectroscopies and other ultrafast optical measurements in condensed matter / 42.79.Ag – Apertures, collimators
© EDP Sciences, 2008