Locus of first crystals on the evaporative surface of a vertically textured porous medium
LMDC (Laboratoire Matériaux et Durabilité des Constructions), Université de Toulouse, INSAT, UPS,
2 Institut de Mécanique des Fluides de Toulouse, IMFT, Université de Toulouse, CNRS, Toulouse, France
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Received in final form: 18 December 2017
Accepted: 9 January 2018
Published online: 30 April 2018
The evaporation of a saline solution from a heterogeneous porous medium formed by the assembly of a coarse medium column and a fine medium column is studied numerically. We concentrate on the locus of the formation of first crystals on the evaporative surface from the computation of the ion mass fraction distribution at the surface prior to the efflorescence development. Two basic situations considered in previous works, namely the evaporation–wicking situation and the drying situation are considered. The study makes clear that each situation leads to a markedly different locus of the efflorescence formation, except, however, for very high initial salt concentrations. The study emphasizes the key-role of the velocity field induced in the porous domain in the case of the evaporation–wicking situation. In the case of the drying situation, a key aspect lies in the local increase in the ion mass fraction due to the local desaturation, i.e. the local shrinking of the liquid volume containing the ions.
© B. Diouf et al., published by EDP Sciences, 2018
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