Kinetic analysis of the growth of semiconductor nanocrystals from the peak wavelength of photoluminescence
Materials Program, Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506, USA
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Received in final form: 9 February 2022
Accepted: 22 February 2022
Published online: 16 March 2022
Understanding the rate processes controlling the growth of semiconductor nanocrystals in liquid solutions is of great importance in tailoring the sizes of semiconductor nanocrystals for the applications in optoelectronics, bioimaging and biosensing. In this work, we establish a simple relationship between the photoluminescence (PL) peak wavelength and the growth time of semiconductor nanocrystals under the condition that the contribution of electrostatic interaction to the quantum confinement is negligible. Using this relationship and the data available in the literature for CdSe and CdSe/ZnS nanocrystals, we demonstrate the feasibility of using the PL peak wavelength to analyze the growth behavior of the CdSe and CdSe/ZnS nanocrystals in liquid solutions. The results reveal that the diffusion of monomers in the liquid solution is the dominant rate process for the growth of CdSe/ZnS nanocrystals, and the activation energy for the growth of CdSe nanocrystals in the liquid solution is ∼9 kJ/mol. The feasibility to use this approach in the analysis of the thickness growth of core–shell nanocrystals with and without mechanical stress is also discussed. Such an approach opens a new avenue to in-situ monitor/examine the growth of semiconductor nanocrystals in liquid solutions.
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